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Calendar Of Science – August
Every month, Pacific Science Center publishes a Calendar of Science, a compendium of science facts to add a little knowledge to your daily routine. Read on and discover a few things you may not have known. If you would like to receive a daily dose of science, subscribe to Calendar of Science on Twitter. Have a comment or question? Please drop us a line. Remember, life’s boring without discovery.
Aug 1, 1774- Joseph Priestley, an English chemist, identified a gas which he called “dephlogisticated air” later known as oxygen.
Aug 2, 1820- Birthday: John Tyndall, demonstrated scattering of light by atmospheric particles & absorption of infrared radiation by gases.
Aug 3, 1908- A nearly complete skeleton of a Neanderthal was found in cave in France, by Amédée and Jean Bouyssonie.
Aug 4, 1922- Telephone service in the United States and Canada was silent for one minute at sunset to mark the funeral of Graham Bell.
Aug 5, 1973- Mars 6, also known as 3MP No.50P, was launched by Soviet Union using a Proton-K carrier rocket to explore Mars.
Aug 5, 1930- Birthday: American astronaut Neil Armstrong, the first man to walk on the Moon.
Aug 6, 1881- Birthday: bacteriologist/Nobel prize winner, Alexander Fleming, discovered Penicillin while working on influenza virus.
Aug 7, 1959- Explorer 6, a small spheroidal satellite was launched by NASA to study upper atmosphere and photograph earth’s cloud cover.
Aug 8, 1829- The first steam locomotive in the U.S., the Stourbridge Lion, was used between coal mines in Pennsylvania.
Aug 9, 1945- An atomic bomb was exploded by U.S. over Nagasaki, Japan During World War II, killing over 40,000 people.
Aug 10, 1897- Aspirin, a stable form of acetylsalicylic acid and famous pain reliever, was created by Dr. Felix Hoffman.
Aug 11, 1877- Astronomer Asaph Hall discovered two moons of Mars, likely composed of rock and ice. He named them Phobos and Deimos.
Aug 12, 1981- IBM’s first personal computer IBM 5150 was put on sale for $1,565 with a 4.7 MHz CPU, 16 kB RAM, 40 kB ROM & floppy drives.
Aug 13, 1844- Birthday: Swiss biologist Friedrich Miescher, the first to isolate and identify nucleic acid, which he then called nuclein.
Aug 14, 1894- The first wireless transmission using Morse code signalling via radio waves was shown by Oliver Lodge at Oxford University.
Aug 15, 1914- The Panama canal was inaugurated with American vessel, Ancon, sailing from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean.
Aug 16, 2003- Element 110 was named officially Darmstadium, Ds by IUPAC after the town of Darmstadt where it was discovered.
Aug 17, 1915- Charles F. Kettering, co-founder of DELCO, was issued patent for automobile electric self-starter.
Aug 18, 1868- Pierre Janssen discovered an unknown element, now known as helium, in the spectrum of chromosphere of the sun.
Aug 19, 1960- The Soviet stray dogs Belka and Strelka aboard Sputnik 2 made a safe round trip into the Space.
Aug 20, 1897- Ronald Ross discovered the transmission of malaria by female mosquitoes.
Aug 21, 1888- William Seward Burroughs was issued four patents for the first successful calculating machine.
Aug 22, 1865- William Sheppard was issued the first patent for liquid soap.
Aug 23, 1966- NASA’s Lunar Orbiter 1 took the first grainy black and white photo of Earth from the moon’s orbit.
Aug 24, 2006- Pluto was declassified as a planet by the International Astronomical Union (IAU) and given the status of “dwarf” planet.
Aug 25, 1973- The first CAT (Computer Assisted Tomography) scan was completed in United States.
Aug 26, 1843- Charles Thurber was issued a patent for the first practical typewriter.
Aug 27, 1875- The element Gallium (Ga) was discovered by P.E. Lecoq de Boisbaudran in France.
Aug 28, 1963- The Evergreen Point bridge, world’s longest floating bridge opened connecting Seattle with the east side of Lake Washington.
Aug 29, 1831- Michael Faraday discovered electromagnetic induction.
Aug 30, 1885- Gottlieb Daimler received a patent for the first true motorcycle.
Aug 31, 1897- Thomas Edison was issued a patent for the kinetographic camera.