Pacific Science Center

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Calendar Of Science – October

Every month, Pacific Science Center publishes a Calendar of Science, a compendium of science facts to add a little knowledge to your daily routine. Read on and discover a few things you may not have known. If you would like to receive a daily dose of science, subscribe to Calendar of Science on Twitter. Have a comment or question? Please drop us a line. Remember, life’s boring without discovery.

Oct. 1, 1958- NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Agency) started operating officially with five facilities.
Oct. 2, 1956- The first commercially available caesium atomic clock, Atomichron, was unveiled at New York City.
Oct. 3, 1899- John S. Thurman was issued a patent for motor-driven vacuum cleaner as “pneumatic carpet renovator”.
Oct. 4, 1957- The Soviet Union launched the first man made satellite, Sputnik, into the orbit around the earth.
Oct. 5, 1923- Edwin Hubble identified a special class of pulsating star, a Cepheid variable, can be used to measure large cosmic distances.
Oct. 6, 1997- Stanley Prusiner won Nobel Prize for discovery of Prions (innocuous cellular proteins), a biological principle of infection.
Oct. 7, 1885- Birthday: Niels Bohr who was best known for his research into atomic structure and quantum theory.
Oct. 8, 1958- Dr Åke Senning implanted the first internal heart pacemaker in a subcutaneous pouch of a patient.
Oct. 9, 1604- Keplers Supernova was discovered in the constellation of Ophiuchus in the western sky.
Oct. 10, 1846- Triton, Neptune’s largest moon was discovered by British astronomer William Lassell.
Oct. 11, 1968- Apollo 7, the first manned Apollo mission,  was launched on a Saturn 1-B rocket from Cape Kennedy.
Oct. 12, 1928- An iron lung artificial respirator that regulates air pressure to help a person breathe, used for the first time in Boston.
Oct. 13, 1884- Greenwich adopted as the Prime Meridian, the zero degrees longitude by the International Meridian Conference, Washington.
Oct. 14, 1863- Alfred Nobel was issued first of his 355 patents for the preparation of nitroglycerine.
Oct. 15, 1878- Edison Electric Light Company was established in New York by Thomas Edison along with leading financiers.
Oct. 16, 1964- China successfully detonated a 22 kiloton warhead code named 596 and became world’s fifth nuclear power.
Oct. 17, 1855- Sir Henry Bessemer was issued a patent for making steel by blasting compressed air through molten iron.
Oct. 18, 1962- James Watson, Francis Crick and Maurice Wilkins were awarded the Nobel Prize for the discovery of structure of DNA.
Oct. 19, 1967- Mariner 5 spacecraft which was launched on June 14, 1967, arrived in the vicinity of Venus for planetary exploration.
Oct. 20, 1906- Three-element vacuum tube (triode) which can amplify weak signals was announced by Lee DeForest.
Oct. 21, 1833- Birthday: Alfred Nobel who invented the dynamite and established the Nobel Prize.
Oct. 22, 1938- Chester F. Carlson demonstrated xerography for the first time.
Oct. 23, 1814- Joseph Carpue performed the West’s first modern plastic surgery on a British military officer in England.
Oct. 24, 1851- William Lassell discovered two moons of Uranus, Umbriel and Ariel.
Oct. 25, 1671-Giovanni Cassini discovered Iapetus, one of Saturn’s moons.
Oct. 26, 1948-Donora, a small town in Pennsylvania was covered with smog killing 20 people and harming several others.
Oct. 27, 1904- The first underground line of the U.S. subway rail system opened in the New York city.
Oct. 28, 1955- Birthday: Bill Gates who co-founded Microsoft, the world’s largest PC software company.
Oct. 29, 1971- The first successful use of electricity to repair a bone fracture was reported  at the University of Pennsylvania.
Oct. 30, 1958- Dr. F. Mason unintentionally performed the first coronary angiogram at the Cleveland clinic.
Oct. 31, 1815- Sir Davy of London was issued a patent for miner’s safety lamp.