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Calendar Of Science – November
Every month, Pacific Science Center publishes a Calendar of Science, a compendium of science facts to add a little knowledge to your daily routine. Read on and discover a few things you may not have known. If you would like to receive a daily dose of science, subscribe to Calendar of Science on Twitter. Have a comment or question? Please drop us a line. Remember, life’s boring without discovery.
1 Nov. 1977-Charles Kowal discovered the farthest known asteroid, Chiron, on a photographic plate.
2 Nov. 2000-International Space Station received its first three permanent residents, who traveled there in Soyuz spacecraft.
3 Nov. 1664-Robert Hooke presented an advanced copy of his classic book “Micrographia” to the Royal Society in London.
4 Nov. 1946-The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) Constitution became effective.
5 Nov. 1895-George Selden issued a patent for an improved road engine powered by a “liquid-hydrocarbon engine of the compression type.”
6 Nov. 1638-Birthday-James Gregory who was the inventor of the reflecting telescope, and contributed to the development of the calculus.
7 Nov. 1996-The first successful mission to the red planet in 20 years, Mars Global Surveyor was launched.
8 Nov. 1895-Wilhelm Röntgen first accidently discovered X-rays during an experiment in Würzburg.
9 Nov. 1991-Nuclear fusion was first harnessed to produce a significant amount of power in Culham, England.
10 Nov. 1974-An MIT group and a SLAC-Berkeley group simultaneously announced the discovery of the “charmed quark” subatomic particle.
11 Nov. 1851-Avlan Clark of Cambridge, Massachusetts was issued a patent for an improved telescope design.
12 Nov. 1833-The great shower of the Leonid Meteors was recorded.
13 Nov. 1971-Mariner 9, the first spacecraft to orbit another planet (Mars) was launched.
14 Nov. 1985-The first discovery of a fullerene, a spherical cluster of carbon atoms, was published in the journal Nature.
15 Nov. 1887-Carl Gassner received patent for the first “dry” cell with zinc as the container as well as the negative electrode.
16 Nov. 1904-John Ambrose Fleming invented and patented the first vacuum tube, the thermionic valve.
17 Nov. 1970-A U.S. patent was issued to Doug Engelbart for an “X-Y Position Indicator for a Display System” -computer mouse.
18 Nov. 1883-Standard time system in the U.S., first proposed by Charles F. Dowd, went into effect at noon for the first time.
19 Nov. 1956-Birthday-Eileen Marie Collins who was the first female pilot and first female commander of a U.S. Space Shuttle.
20 Nov. 1923-Garrett Morgan was granted a U.S. patent for his three-position traffic signal.
21 Nov. 1818-Birthday-Lewis Henry Morgan who was a principal founder of scientific anthropology.
22 Nov. 1977-Supersonic Concorde began a trial for regular passenger service between New York and Europe.
23 Nov. 1964-Dr. Michael E. DeBakey and his team performed the first successful coronary artery bypass graft procedure in Houston.
24 Nov. 1859-Charles Darwin published “On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection” in England.
25 Nov. 1948-Leroy “Ed” Parsons invented the cable television and the inaugural broadcast was from a TV station in Seattle.
26 Nov. 1894-Birthday-Norbert Wiener, mathematician who found the science of cybernetics.
27 Nov. 1963-Centaur II, the first space vehicle powered by a liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen fuel combination, was launched.
28 Nov. 1967-Jocelyn Bell Burnell observed the first pulsar in Cambridge, England.
29 Nov. 1813-The discovery of iodine was made public by Nicolas Clément, in the name of its discoverer, Bernard Courtois.
30 Nov. 1886-The first commercially successful U.S. alternating current power plant was opened in New York by George Westinghouse.