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Calendar Of Science – November
Every month, Pacific Science Center publishes a Calendar of Science, a compendium of science facts to add a little knowledge to your daily routine. Read on and discover a few things you may not have known. If you would like to receive a daily dose of science, subscribe to Calendar of Science on Twitter. Have a comment or question? Please drop us a line. Remember, life’s boring without discovery.
Nov. 1, 1977- Charles Kowal discovered the farthest known asteroid, Chiron, on a photographic plate.
Nov. 2, 2000- International Space Station received its first three permanent residents, who traveled there in Soyuz spacecraft.
Nov. 3, 1664- Robert Hooke presented an advanced copy of his classic book “Micrographia” to the Royal Society in London.
Nov. 4, 1946- The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) Constitution became effective.
Nov. 5, 1895- George Selden was issued patent for an improved road engine powered by a “liquid-hydrocarbon engine of the compression type.”
Nov. 6, 1638- Birthday: James Gregory who invented the reflecting telescope, and contributed to the development of the calculus.
Nov. 7, 1996- The first successful mission to the red planet in 20 years, Mars Global Surveyor was launched.
Nov. 8, 1895- Wilhelm Röntgen first accidently discovered X-rays during an experiment in Würzburg.
Nov. 9, 1991- Nuclear fusion was first harnessed to produce a significant amount of power in Culham, England.
Nov. 10, 1974- An MIT group and a SLAC-Berkeley group simultaneously announced the discovery of the “charmed quark” subatomic particle.
Nov. 11, 1851- Avlan Clark of Cambridge, Massachusetts was issued a patent for an improved telescope design.
Nov. 12, 1833- The great shower of the Leonid Meteors was recorded.
Nov. 13, 1971- Mariner 9, the first spacecraft to orbit another planet (Mars) was launched.
Nov. 14, 1985- The first discovery of a fullerene, a spherical cluster of carbon atoms, was published in the journal Nature.
Nov. 15, 1887- Carl Gassner received patent for the first “dry” cell with zinc as the container as well as the negative electrode.
Nov. 16, 1904: John Ambrose Fleming invented and patented the first vacuum tube, the thermionic valve.
Nov. 17, 1970: A U.S. patent was issued to Doug Engelbart for an “X-Y Position Indicator for a Display System” – computer mouse.
Nov. 18, 1883: Standard time system in the U.S., first proposed by Charles F. Dowd, went into effect at noon for the first time.
Nov. 19, 1956: Birthday: Eileen Marie Collins who was the first female pilot and first female commander of a U.S. Space Shuttle.
Nov. 20, 1923: Garrett Morgan was granted a U.S. patent for his three-position traffic signal.
Nov. 21, 1818: Birthday: Lewis Henry Morgan who was a principal founder of scientific anthropology.
Nov. 22, 1977: Supersonic Concorde began a trial for regular passenger service between New York and Europe.
Nov. 23, 1964: Dr. Michael E. DeBakey and his team performed the first successful coronary artery bypass graft procedure in Houston.
Nov. 24, 1859: Charles Darwin published “On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection” in England.
Nov. 25, 1948: Leroy “Ed” Parsons invented the cable television and the inaugural broadcast was from a TV station in Seattle.
Nov. 26, 1894: Birthday: Norbert Wiener, mathematician who found the science of cybernetics.
Nov. 27, 1963: Centaur II, the first space vehicle powered by a liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen fuel combination, was launched.
Nov. 28, 1967: Jocelyn Bell Burnell observed the first pulsar in Cambridge, England.
Nov. 29, 1813: The discovery of iodine was made public by Nicolas Clément, in the name of its discoverer, Bernard Courtois.
Nov. 30, 1886: The first commercially successful U.S. alternating current power plant was opened in New York by George Westinghouse.